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Work Accidents

An accident at work is a damage to an employee’s health or an employee’s death, taken place while performing a task given by the employer or performing some other work operation at the employer’s permission, during a break or some other time when acting on behalf of the employer.


We would like to draw your attention to the following activities related to notifying of an occupational accident:

Pursuant to § 4 clause 1 of the Procedure for Registration, Notification and Investigation of Occupational Accidents and Diseases (EST), the employer is obliged to investigate all occupational accidents.


If the work accident has occured, the employr is obliged to carry out an investigation within 10 working days of the date of the accident and submit a signed report to the Labour Inspectorate  (in paper or digital signature).

If in the course of the investigation it becomes evident that it was not an accident at work, the employer prepares a statement where he describes circumstances of the accident and gives reason for termination of the investigation. The statement is signed by an employer’s representative and work environment representative, in his absence employee’s representative. Both the work accident report and the statement are  prepared in three copies, one of which is kept at the employer. The other copies are submitted to the relevant regional office of the Labour Inspectorate and the injured party or his representative within 3 working days after termination of the investigation.

Employers investigate all accidents at work and always prepare accident reports, regardless of the severity of an accident at work. Notification of a work accident is sent only in case of serious and fatal work accidents.

Contacts of the regional offices of the Labour Inspectorate.


In case an accident at work results in death or a visibly serious injury, the local office of the Labour Inspectorate should be immediately notified of the accident without waiting for a doctor’s certificate, presenting the following data:

  • Employee’s first and family name and contact phone number;

  • Place, date and time of the work accident;

  • Short description of the accident;

  • Employer’s name and address;

  • First and family name, occupation and contact phone number of the person submitting the notification.

The employer is obliged to immediately notify the police of a fatal work accident.


Transport of an injured person home from a foreign country

Commented by Marika Kabal from the Estonian Patient Advocacy Association:

Transport of a person to Estonia who has been involved in an accident at work in a foreign country has recently become a major problem. If an employee has received grievous bodily harm, then common transport (in the back seat of a car on rough roads) may be  extremely painful.

The patient would need to be transported in more comfortable circumstances and in a lying position. However, such transport is obviously for most of the workers unaffordable. If medical care is guaranteed on equal conditions of insured persons residing abroad also for Estonian citizens, insured by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund,  working  temporarily in a EU country,  then cross-country transportation cost health insurance does not assume.

If medical care is for Estonian citizens, insured by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund,  working  temporarily in a EU country,  guaranteed on equal conditions with insured persons residing abroad, then cross-country transportation costs are not covered by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund.

More information is available at the websites of insurance companies.