Labour disputes filed in by the end of 2017 will be resolved based on Individual Labour Dispute Act (valid until 31.12.2017)
Labour Dispute Resolution Act is in effect since 1 January 2018. Labour Dispute Committes will resolve disputes according to this act. All disputes that were filed in before will be resolved based on the earlier Individual Labour Dispute Act.
Proceeding of a labour dispute at a meeting
For hearing a matter of a labour dispute at a meeting summonses are delivered to the parties to the dispute. As a rule labour disputes are heard and resolved in the presence of the employees and employer or their representatives. As an exception the Labour Dispute Committee may:
- hear the claim with the written consent of the parties to the labour dispute in their absence, if the person against whom the claim is filed recognises it to the full extent;
- if the employees or employer do not attend the meeting of the committee with good reason, the dispute resolution will be adjourned;
- if a person against whom a claim is filed fails to attend a meeting without good reason or has submitted a written consent for hearing of the application in his or her absence, the labour dispute committee may make a decision in his or her absence (Individual Labour Dispute Resolution Act § 18).
In a meeting, the explanations of persons concerned and witnesses are heard, and documents and other evidence are inspected and assessed. At a meeting an applicant may supplement the claims set out in a written application and submit additional documentary evidence. Additional claims are filed in writing. At a meeting an applicant has the right to waive claims set out in an application in full or in part. (Individual Labour Dispute Resolution Act § 20).