Filing of an application with a Labour Dispute Committee
Labour disputes are resolved by labour dispute committees of the corresponding region of the Labour Inspectorate. A written application is submitted to the Labour Dispute Committee of the employee’s place of business.
If the workplace is in a foreign country or covers several districts, the application is submitted to the Labour Dispute Committee of the employer’s legal address.
Contacts and work areas of Labour Dispute Committees
Labour Dispute Committees located in Tallinn (info.tvk|ät|ti.ee)
- work area - Tallinn, Harjumaa;
Labour Dispute Committees located in Tartu (louna.tvk1|ät|ti.ee; lõuna.tvk2|ät|ti.ee)
- work area - Tartu, Viljandi, Põlva, Jõgeva, Võru, Valga Counties;
Labour Dispute Committees located in Pärnu (laane.tvk1|ät|ti.ee)
- work area - Rapla, Järva, Lääne Counties;
Labour Dispute Committees located in Jõhvi (ida.tvk1|ät|ti.ee)
- work area - Lääne-Viru, Ida-Viru Counties.
Applications may be submitted to the Labour Dispute Committees on paper or electronically
Applications submitted on paper are signed personally, under the hand of the applicant. The application may be signed by the representative only if a document certifying the right of representation (unattested proxy) is enclosed to the application. The application on paper, together with annexes, is signed and submitted in duplicate and mailed to the relevant Labour Dispute Committee or brought in person.
Application submitted electronically is signed digitally. If documents are wished to be annexed to the application, they are submitted by e-mail as well.
If necessary, the dates which do not suit the applicant and the reason why the dates do not suit the applicant to appear at the hearing within the period of 1.5 months may be pointed out in the application (in particular within the period from the third to the fifth week after the submission of the application).
When determining the time for the sitting the Commission takes into consideration the above mentioned application only with certified good reason.
Unsigned applications are not accepted.
In the application the following information is st out:
1) the name, personal identification code or registry code, workplace, residence or location and telecommunications numbers of the applicant;
2) the name, personal identification code or registry code, residence or location and telecommunications numbers of the person against whom the claim is filed;
3) the clearly and unambiguously expressed claim of the applicant, and, in the case of a financial claim, the sum of the claim (gross amount) and calculation procedure;
4) the description of the facts which are the basis for the claim and which justify the claim and the legal basis for the claim; data on conclusion of the employment contract
5) documentary evidence which justifies the claim;
6) the date and applicant`s signature.
If documentary evidence is added as an annex to an application, they must be annexed to the application. Financial claims are noted in gross amounts.
Limitation period for filing claim
1.The general limitation period for filing claim is four months;
2. The limitation period for filing a claim to challenge the cancellation of an employment contract is 30 calendar days as of the receipt of a notice of cancellation;
3. The limitation period for filing a claim for payment of wages is three years.
If a financial claim is 10,000 euros or more, the labour dispute committee returns the application, as pursuant to § 4 of the Individual Labour Dispute Resolution Act, labour dispute committees do not resolve disputes over so large financial claims.